Originally published at: https://blog.12min.com/the-purchasing-machine-summary/
How the Top Ten Companies Use Best Practices to Manage Their Supply Chains
Who Should Read “The Purchasing Machine”? and Why?As time goes by, the importance of purchasing increases.
Authors of “The Purchasing Machine” have spend a significant amount of time in purchasing and certainly know what they are talking about. They argue that since most companies nowadays outsource their parts and equipment, properly managing the process of purchasing can result in massive savings.
We recommend this book to purchasing managers, as well as to corporate executives and everyone who wants to gain some knowledge in how they can save money in daily corporate operations.
About Jonathan Stegner, Patricia E. Moody and Dave NelsonDave Nelson is the former leader of Honda’s purchasing sect and is currently a vice president at Deere and Co.
Patricia E. Moody is a consultant and one of the 10 pioneering women in manufacturing according to Forbes
Jonathan Stegner has practiced supply management for more than two decades, and currently is a director of supply management at Deere.
"The Purchasing Machine Summary"The modern times pose new requirements as the markets and the business world change.
Procurement is a subject to change as well, and you should stop regarding it as a minor function that is just a necessary evil which cannot help in boosting the competitiveness of your company.
During the 60s, manufacturing changed thoroughly, but many companies failed to notice that this evolution affects traditional purchasing as well.
Generally, three aspects shifted:
- Money: As companies turned to outsourcing, more money started flowing through the purchasing structure.
- Power: The previous internal power balances moved towards areas which were not included in traditional manufacturing.
- Intelligence: Outsourcing changed the need for employees with hands-on skills to workers with less traditional expertise.
So, if you haven’t already addressed the procurement process of your company, now is the time to do so.
Because in the next decade or two manufacturing professionals will concentrate on supply management, which will consist of:
- Purchasing Materials ﬂows
- Acquisitions Sourcing strategies
- Movement and control of intellectual property
To achieve real supply change and purchasing management improvements, you need to create change and come up with out-of-the-box ideas.
You need to create a corporate culture where knowledge sharing is normal, you need to institutionalize best practices and pay attention to each step that makes up the supply chain.
But, let’s not forget that the first step is always recognizing that these functions are important.
Once you do, you can come up with high-performance goals – and achieve them.
Another thing to have in mind is investing enough resources in human assets.
Every, and we mean every company, should have a VP of supply management or purchasing.
ERP (Enterprise Resource Programs) do not have the right tools to address factory-flow issues, so they cannot solve purchasing problems. Hence the answers to the supply chain problems lie on the shop floor.
Companies that decide to change along with the environment and use best practices can expect up to 30% cost reductions in purchasing.
Other things that companies can expect in the future, apart from productivity savings is an increased amount of variety and lockdown.
Variety will increase since customers will be given the change to design their own products on site, or in transit. This will strengthen the need for supply chain professionals to save more in the pipeline, and become knowledgeable about outsourced ideas and royalty schedules.
The lockdown will happen when big companies will integrate smaller and midsized suppliers out of evolution, as well as a necessity.
Below, in the key lessons, we cover the best and worst practices as well as the purchasing challenges that purchasing professionals face.
So, read on.
Key Lessons from “The Purchasing Machine”1. Twenty Best Practices 2. Ten Signs of Worst-Practices Purchasing 3. The Challenges Purchasing Professionals Face
Twenty Best Practices
- Cost Management.
- Supplier development.
- Value analysis.
- MRO management.
- Supplier circles.
- Supplier information sharing.
- Supplier study groups.
- Supplier conferences.
- Supplier performance reporting.
- Supplier surveys.
- Delivery improvement.
- Tool and technical assistance centers.
- Supplier support (SWAT) teams.
- Loaned executives.
- Early supplier involvement.
- New Model Development Groups.
- Written strategies for every supplier, every part, and every commodity.
- Strategic planning, administration, career-path and academic outreach programs.
- Purchasing systems.
Ten Signs of Worst-Practices Purchasing
- Your company’s highest level purchasing executive is the purchasing manager.
- Your buyers or planners earn less than one-third of your highest purchasing professional’s salary.
- No representative of the supply chain is a member of your board of directors.
- You do not guarantee strategic alliances by written contracts.
- Engineering has the concentrate of all of your new product expertise.
- Your purchasing planning systems are very loosely connected to manufacturing planning and execution software.
- Faxed requirements determine supplier delivery schedules.
- Cost date determines the compensation of purchasing professionals.
- Ten percent of receipts are point-of-consumption deliveries of certiﬁed materials.
- Manufacturing thinks it can assure product quality by commodity and part classiﬁcation.
The Challenges Purchasing Professionals Face
- They must comprehend and direct the completion of many high-technology tasks.
- They must lead their teams in material and intellectual property acquisition and use.
- They must continue to keep costs down and become tech gurus and experts in communication and costing.
“The Purchasing Machine” Quotes[bctt tweet="As manufacturing changed, so did the needs for traditional purchasing, but the buying function in most organizations missed the change and continued to structure and build systems to support a massive batch and queue production process." username="get12min"]
[bctt tweet=“Twenty best practice points will change the purchasing profession.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“Moving a single organization, and then an entire supply chain, along an aggressive improvement journey that started about 150 years ago in manufacturing can be a blinding challenge for a single dedicated individual. We don’t recommend that anyone attempt this alone.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“Use best practices as the launching pad, not the destination.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“Bad practices will take your team nowhere. They will drain energy and responsiveness, leak hard-earned proﬁts and prevent you from capturing the gold from brilliant and well-intentioned new product initiatives.” username=“get12min”]
Our Critical ReviewIf you are a purchasing professional, you probably already know the things that this book is trying to teach you. You will surely come across new thoughts and ideas, but overall the material consists of general rules of thumb and purchasing concepts that you can encounter in many supply chain books.
Apart from that, because of its examples focused on mass production environments, only those in such an environment may benefit from the concepts presented in the book.