Originally published at: https://blog.12min.com/the-essays-of-warren-buffett-pdf/
Lessons for Corporate America
Are you an investor or a manager?
Want some tips on how to get rich?
Here they are, as simple as they get, and straight from the horse’s mouth!
We present to you the best of “The Essays of Warren Buffett.”
Who Should Read "The Essays of Warren Buffett"? And Why?If you are an investor or a manager – or have any interest in Wall Street whatsoever, Warren Buffett is probably to you the same Jehovah is to the Jews: a God.
So far, we’ve introduced you to his ways via a proxy.
And it’s not that Robert P. Miles’ “The Warren Buffett CEO,” Alice Schroeder’s “The Snowball,” or Robert Hagstrom’s “The Warren Buffett Way” are not exceptional books, or that these essays offer an earth-shatteringly different Buffett from the one you can infer from those three books.
But it’s a bit different when you hear it from the man himself.
About Warren BuffettWarren Edward Buffett is an American investor, business magnate, and philanthropist, the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway and the third richest person in the world.
Born in Omaha, Nebraska, Buffett graduated from Columbia Business School, where, influenced by the philosophy of his mentor, Benjamin Graham, he first became interested in value investing.
Soon he teamed up with Charlie Munger and, after they acquired the textile manufacturing firm, Berkshire Hathaway, they started trading on Wall Street.
The rest, as they say, is history, that can be neatly summed up in the monikers Buffett has earned due to his financial successes: “The Wizard,” “The Oracle,” “The Sage.”
Having pledged to give all but 1% of his fortune to charitable causes, by sheer numbers, Buffett is quite probably the greatest philanthropist in the history of humanity.
"The Essays of Warren Buffett PDF Summary"About a decade ago, an article in "USA Today" noted a staggering fact: that there are 47 books in print that have Buffett's name in the title, and that "no other living person, aside from U.S. presidents or other major world political figures, is named in so many titles, except the Dalai Lama."
Even so, “The Essays of Warren Buffett” is, basically, the only one Buffett’s name is also listed under the author.
Needless to add, it’s also Buffett’s favorite one.
Described by the Wizard himself as “a coherent rearrangement of ideas from my annual report letters,” “The Essays of Warren Buffett” is actually a carefully edited and organized selection of Buffett’s letters to the shareholders of Berkshire.
In the words of the editor – the American scholar Lawrence Cunningham –
The letters distill in plain words all the basic principles of sound business practices. On selecting managers and investments, valuing businesses, and using financial information profitably, the writings are broad in scope, and long on wisdom.The central point of Buffett is always the same: investors should ignore the market, focusing all of their energy on identifying good businesses and buying them at a good price.
Time will do the rest.
Why shouldn’t it?
If it doesn’t, then the basic premise of capitalism – Adam Smith’s “invisible hand of the market” – is, more or less, wrong.
To sum this up in a more memorable way: market prices don’t express business values but should eventually. Mr. Market is a volatile, manic-depressive fellow and you can’t trust him in the short run. In the long run, he will come to his senses – if you don’t lose yours in the meantime.
Good investors are those who can isolate themselves from the fluctuations of the market and assess businesses based on their inherent value:
So smile when you read a headline that says ‘Investors lose as market falls.’ Edit it in your mind to ‘Disinvestors lose as market falls—but investors gain.’ Though writers often forget this truism, there is a buyer for every seller and what hurts one necessarily helps the other. (As they say in golf matches: ‘Every putt makes someone happy.’)Buffett was never interested in running businesses: he made his fortune by purchasing promising businesses and assigning talented managers to operate them.
Even so, he was only buying all – or significant portions – of businesses he understood, continuously emphasizing that, essentially, there’s no difference between buying a business and investing in one.
Diversification is pointless: you should only focus on investing in businesses you actually understand.
During the 1980s – Buffett points out – it’s exactly because of the fact that people ignored this advice that Wall Street got both its junk bond kings and paupers.
Don’t doubt for a second that you’ll probably end up being a part of the latter group since when there are manias, the ratio between success and failure stories tends to rise exponentially to the detriment of the majority.
The Essays of Warren Buffett
And you, unfortunately, are usually the rule – not the exception.
Key Lessons from "The Essays of Warren Buffett"1. Investors Rarely Lose When Market Fails 2. There’s No Difference Between Investing and Buying 3. Like Investor Like Manager
Investors Rarely Lose When Market FailsMarkets fail.
Everybody knows that.
If you try to answer yourself the questions “why” and “how” you’ll probably end up with an investment strategy very similar to the one Warren Buffett strictly adheres to for decades.
Namely, markets fail because, at a certain point, the discrepancy between the inherent value of a company and its stock prices is just too enormous to hold up.
You can try to be a maverick and base your investment strategy on profiting from these discrepancies in the short run, but, as history has taught us, you’re bound to make a mistake or two eventually – some of which may be very costly.
Warren Buffett’s commonsense strategy is much safer: only buy shares in companies which have an inherent value and expect returns in the long run.
Mr. Market is a manic-depressive guy, but, he eventually comes to his senses.
Don’t lose yours by trying to understand him.
There’s No Difference Between Investing and BuyingIn essence, Warren Buffett says, there’s no difference between buying a stock in a company and buying the company itself.
In other words – you will certainly hesitate a lot before buying a company you know nothing about, based on its market value alone.
Then, why would you invest in one?
Aren’t you merely trying your luck?
Like Investor Like ManagerBuffett’s investment strategies are deeply rooted within a personalized philosophy of honesty.
Well, so are his managerial advices.
In his opinion, Berkshire’s shares must maintain a close relationship with the company’s intrinsic value, so that shareholders receive real profits which represent the company’s results over the period of the shareholders’ holdings.
Unfortunately, the pressures to report a profit and the focus of companies on their stock prices have resulted in numerous accounting manipulations, which, in Buffett’s opinion, are everything that’s wrong with society.
Honesty has always been the best politics in both investing and business, says Buffett.
And we must try – for the sake of humanity – to keep this truism alive.
Like this summary? We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.
"The Essays of Warren Buffett Quotes"[bctt tweet="A horse that can count to ten is a remarkable horse—not a remarkable mathematician." username="get12min"]
[bctt tweet=“As happens in Wall Street all too often, what the wise do in the beginning, fools do in the end.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“Having first-rate people on the team is more important than designing hierarchies and clarifying who reports to whom.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“I will tell you how to become rich. Close the doors. Be fearful when others are greedy. Be greedy when others are fearful.” username=“get12min”]
[bctt tweet=“The requisites for board membership should be business savvy, interest in the job, and owner-orientation.” username=“get12min”]
Our Critical Review"The Essays of Warren Buffett" is described, in the blurb of its fourth edition, as "the gold standard of its genre."
And when we included in our list of “Top Finance and Investing Books” in history, we noted that this is Buffett’s most autographed book.
So, in other words, he approves its message.
We’ll be mad not to.